Futuro/ Future Tense
The future tense in Spanish is equivalent to the future tense in English, will or shall + verb.
There are 3 ways to express a future action:
- The present tense : Indicative mode.
- Ir + a + infinity : going to + verb.
- The future tense : includes irregular forms.
This tense can be used to express an action taking place in the near future.
- Esta tarde mi hija va al concierto./ This afternoon my daughter will go to the concert.
- Estoy en la oficina todo el día./ I'll be in the office all day.
This construction is equivalent to the English expression going to + verb. It is frequently used to express a future action.
Ir / to go Yo voy/ I am going tú vas/ you are going él, ella, (Ud.) va/ he, she, (you are) is going nosotros vamos/ we are going vosotros vais/ you are going Uds., ellos, ellas van/ you, they are going
- Voy a aprender español./ I am going to learn Spanish.
- Vamos a abrir un negocio propio./ We are going to open our own business.
To form the future, add these endings to the infinitive, which serves as the stem of almost all Spanish verbs: -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án. The endings are the same for all 3 conjugations.
comprar/ to buy
vender/ to sell
recebir/ to receive
Tú, Ud., / you
él, ella/ he, she
Uds., ellos, ellas/ you, they
Some verbs have irregular future stems, which are the same as their irregular conditional stems. Add the future endings to them.
Use the future tense in the following situations:
1. To express probability, conjecture or doubt of an action, condition or state, in the present or future time, the future tense is used. It is equivalent to the English expressions: (probably, wonder, suppose, guess).
- Hoy no me puse el reloj. ¿Qué hora será?/ Today I am not wearing my watch. I wonder what time it is? (What time could it be?)
- Serán las dos y pico./ It must be a little after two.
- ¿Quiénes estarán afuera? ¿Serán los niños? / I wonder who are outside? They must be the children. (They are probably the children.)
2. To express the willingness to do something, the verbs desear or querer are used instead of the future tense.
- ¿Quiéren cenar conmigo?/ Will you have dinner with me?
NOTE: The Spanish future tense is NOT used to make requests, as it is in English.
3. The future tense is also used to express orders or commands.
- Mandarás estos folletos esta tarde./ Send these pamphlets this afternoon.
- Niños, no irán al cine./ Children, don't go (won't) to the movies.
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