Prefixes des-, in-, and re-
1. The prefixes des- and in- are used to indicate the opposite meaning to the word that they modify.
WORD ANTONYM Acuerdo/ agreement desacuerdo/ disagreement Hacer/ to do deshacer/ to undo Heredar/ to inherit desheredar/ disinherit Vestirse/ to get dressed desvestirse/ to get undressed Consciente/ conscious inconsciente/ unconscious Útil/ useful inútil/ useless Experto/ expert inexperto/ unskilled, inexpert Feliz/ happy Infeliz/ unhappy
LESSONS: Organizational Chart I & Organizational Chart Ia.
2. The prefix re- is used to emphasize or increase the meaning of the word that it modifies. If re- is added to a verb, it means to repeat the same action. Furthermore, if re- modifies an adjective, it means very.
NOTE: In Spanish, there are two slang prefixes, requete- and super-, that are more intense than -re, but NOT as intense as superlative forms of adjectives. They mean practically the most. Furthermore, they can modify ONLY adjectives.
WORD RE- REQUETE-; SUPER- Hacer/ to do rehacer/ to redo NA difícil/ difficult redifícil/ very difficult requetedifícil, superdifícil linda/ pretty relinda/ very pretty requetelinda, superlinda
LESSONS: Organizational Chart II & Organizational Chart IIa.
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